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Han, Yong-un (Manhae)

Han Yong-un, the second son of Han Eung-jun, is born in Seonggok-ri in Chungcheongnam-do on August 29, 1879. His clan is from Cheongju. His boyhood name is Jin'ok, and he also goes by “Yucheon”. He first learned basic classical Chinese texts including Gyemongpyeon, Sohak, and Tonggam as a young boy.

1892

Marries Jeon Jeong-suk of the Cheon'an Jeon clan in Gyeolseong, Chungcheongnam-do.

1897

Participates in patriotic activities in Hongju, a city in Chungcheongnam-do, as the Donghak Movement spreads like wildfire across the country, and subsequently joins a Buddhist community at Ose’am Hermitage atop Mt. Seorak.

1903

Plans a trip to see foreign lands, sparked by his interest in the new world outside Korea from books and newspapers. Travels via Wonsan to Vladivostok, but after encountering difficulties, returns home.

1904

He lives with his family after returning to Gyeolseong-myeon, Hongseong-gun, Chungcheongnam-do). Bo'guk, his first child, is born in December.

1905

Re-enters mountain life at Baekdamsa in January. Studies Gishinron and the Neung'eomgyeong and Weongakgyeong sutras in April at Baekdamsa under the tutelage of Venerable Yi Hak-am.

1907

In April, he establishes a permanent abode and dedicates himself to Seon spiritual practice in Geonbongsa in Ganseong-gun, Gangwon-do.

1908

At Yujeomsa in Gangwon-do, the Venerable Seo Weol-hwa teaches him the Avatamsaka Sutra. Leaves Gangwon-do in April and travels to Shimonoseki, Miyajima, Kyoto, Tokyo, Nikko, and other Japanese locations. He stays for another four months in a Tokyo suburb, reading newspapers and conversing with Japanese Buddhist leaders at the Daehakrim School of the Soutou sect, the sect’s headquarters. He writes 12 Chinese poems at the Daehakrim School which are published in four parts in the Buddhist journal Wayuu (kor. Hwayung) Magazine, which is put out by the Soutou sect. Meets Choi Rin, who was then a student studying in Japan. In September, Han returns to Korea and starts learning the BanyaAvatamsaka sutras under Reverend Yi Hak-am at Geonbongsa.

1909

In July, he is inaugurated as a Buddhist instructor at Pyohunsa on Mt. Geumgang.

1910

Writes On the Reform of Chosun Buddhism at Baekdamsa.
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